Scoliosis is a common disorder in children & adults, which causes the spine to curve to one side. It can affect any part of the spine, but the most common regions are at the level of the chest and the lower back.
In most cases, scoliosis is not painful, but in some situations it can cause back pain. If the condition is severe, it can interfere with the efficiency of the heart and lungs, and cause chest pain or shortness of breath.
Scoliosis is caused in part by genetics and in part by other factors not well known. The condition does not come from carrying heavy things, athletic activity, sleeping/standing postures, or minor lower limb length inequality. The usual onset for scoliosis is in adolescence, between the ages of 10 – 15 years. Although both boys and girls can develop scoliosis, it is more common in females.
Possible Symptoms In Adolescents:
- Head looks slightly off center
- Ribcage is not symmetrical – the ribs may be at different heights
- One hip is more prominent than the other
- Clothing does not hang properly
- One shoulder, or shoulder blade, is higher than the other
- Individual may lean to one side
- Leg lengths are uneven
Possible Symptoms In Infants:
- A bulge on one side of the chest
- Laying curved to one side consistently
- Shortness of breath and chest pain due to heart and lung problems, in severe cases